Our brains make us who we are and are critical to our abilities to speak, think, remember, interact and move. Even mild brain injuries can have persistent, chronic effects that affect future health and well-being.
Building on Ohio State’s worldwide reputation in spinal cord injury repair and research, the Discovery Themes are catalyzing exciting advances in our understanding of brain injury and repair. As new faculty join an already stellar team—over 250 strong and representing disciplines as varied as neuroscience, engineering, psychology, speech and hearing sciences, rehabilitation science, sports medicine and more—Ohio State will become the world’s leader in the prevention, detection, monitoring and treatment of brain injuries, and better countless lives around the globe.
A Multi-Disciplinary, Multi-Faceted Approach
Under the umbrella of the Center for Brain Injuries, researchers will deploy a multi-disciplinary, multi-faceted approach to study the body’s most complex organ. Given that detection of the extent, phase and severity of brain injury continues to be elusive, part of the Center’s work will involve developing methods for detecting both the presence and extent of brain injuries and chronic neurodegenerative diseases with real-time monitoring of “rare” biological moieties— such as inflammatory biomarkers circulating throughout the body.
Still others will work to build a better understanding of why even mild brain injuries (e.g., concussions) have persistent, chronic effects that can provoke early-onset dementia, and develop personalized interventions in the case of injury. And because prevention is of the utmost importance, researchers will partner with the Air Force Research Laboratory, Battelle Memorial Institute, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, athletics teams and others to create safer cars and helmets for sports and military use.
Faculty will be able to tap the immense resources and expertise of Ohio State’s Neuroscience Research Institute, enabling a seamless transition between basic and applied science—from molecular investigations in the laboratory to clinical applications at patients’ bedsides.
Immense Breadth and Depth of Expertise
With a breadth of immense talent that few institutions have, Ohio State researchers in multiple fields are changing how we understand and approach brain injury.
Our faculty are creating new and improved approaches and techniques for imaging the brain with new sensor technologies and data analysis methods, and blazing trails in neural interfacing technology, neural prosthetics and biotronic engineering technologies that are critical in monitoring chronic brain injury and developing new treatments.
Ohio State experts are unlocking the effects of injury within the brain’s structures and functions, and untangling the effects that changes caused by trauma and conditions like Alzheimer Disease have on cognitive abilities, psychological well-being and social competence.
Speech and Hearing Science
Researchers at Ohio State are leading the way in understanding neurogenic communication disorders and swallowing disorders that can be associated with traumatic brain injury.
Our clinicians are authorities in the prevention and rehabilitation of TBI, and our researchers have developed TBI assessment techniques that are widely used in the field. Ohio State scientists are studying the role of immune cells and responses after TBI to develop intervention strategies to decrease brain damage, while our clinical research focuses on NIH-funded trials for acute neurological conditions.